If you haven’t cleaned your carpet in a while, or have only been doing the bare minimum, then you could have a whole host of bacteria and nastiness growing among the dirt. One of the most common and dangerous organisms that can grow if you have not done your carpet cleaning in a while is black mould.
If you are wondering what is black mould, here is everything you need to know about this organism and why it is dangerous. If you recognise some of the signs of black mould, then it may be time to get your carpet professionally cleaned.
What Is Black Mould?
Black mould is often the colloquial term for all kinds of mould. Mould is a type of fungus that grows on food and household items, including on your floors and walls. Black mould most commonly refers to a type of mould whose scientific name is Stachybotrys chartarum.
While mould can grow on all types of surfaces, black mould is the term for the kind of mould that forms in people’s houses. It usually forms in damp areas, particularly on surfaces that have high cellulose contents. You can notice it along your walls, by your windows, and even in your carpets.
Why Is Black Mould Bad?
Black mould is not just unpleasant to look at, it can also damage your home. This mould often eats away at the surfaces that it covers, so it could cause structural damage to your walls, windows, and floors.
Black mould can also be hazardous to your health. Inhaling mould spores can cause an allergic reaction or even a severe infection in people that are more sensitive to mould. Symptoms range from a runny nose and a dry cough to shortness of breath.
Most people will only experience mild irritation due to black mould. However, it can cause severe health complications, including fungal infections, for immunocompromised people. Black mould can also cause asthma flares and consistent exposure in childhood leads to developing asthma. Although a healthy adult will at most be inconvenienced by black mould in the house, if you have children, sick people, or older adults in the house, you should get rid of it right away.
How to Tell You Have Black Mould in Your Carpet
While black mould is easy enough to spot on the walls, it can be harder to identify on your carpet. Usually, the surface below the carpet develops mould first and then it seeps through the fabric. You may first notice mould when the carpet develops discolouration, such as black and green spots.
However, you can usually notice mould buildup earlier, for example, if you smell a musty odour or notice that the carpet has damp patches. If you notice these signs, call a carpet cleaning service immediately.
Why You Need to Remove Black Mould
The second you suspect that you have black mould in your carpet, you should get your carpet professionally cleaned. Black mould can seep into your carpet and cause lasting damage and a musty odour that won’t go away. It can also cause respiratory issues and other health problems, particularly if someone in your family is immunocompromised or you have children.
To remove black mould, it is best to call the professionals to ensure thorough removal and to protect yourself from any toxins. Most DIY solutions could potentially expose you to mould spores, which will get into your respiratory system if you are not wearing the right protection. The mould could also come back if you are not thorough enough. Meanwhile, professional carpet cleaners have the right tools and skills to get the job done.